USB Over Ethernet Technology


USB over Ethernet is the technology that allows the USB connection to be used as part of an Ethernet network, resulting in anUSB over Ethernet connection instead of, for example, PCI or PCIe.

USB over Ethernet is also called USB over Network or USB over IP. This system allows you to share USB devices over Ethernet, Wi-Fi, or the Internet and provide access to devices over the network. This can be done on different network devices using USB over Ethernet hubs.

This technology helps increase the number of USB connections without physical restrictions and ensures fast and efficient data transfer over the network.

Understanding USB over Ethernet technology

USB over Ethernet, also known as USB/IP, extends USB connections over local or wide area networks.

The length of the cable limits a traditional USB connection and will only allow devices to be placed close to each other. Thanks to USB over Ethernet, you can connect devices physically located at considerable distances into a network.

Mechanism and Operation of USB over Ethernet

USB over Ethernet works on the principle of connecting a client computer to a server. Special software is installed on the central server computer, and USB devices are connected. On client computers, client software is installed that requests access from the server to USB devices.

Next, the server and client computer establish a connection and connect to USB devices, simulating a direct connection.

Critical Components of USB over Ethernet Operation

The USB over Ethernet system works thanks to the following components:

  • Server software controls access to USB devices connected to the host computer and makes them available over the network to client computers.
  • Client software is installed on remote computers and provides a virtual connection to USB devices connected to the host computer.
  • The Ethernet network ensures data transfer between computers and guarantees reliable communication.

This does not seem a complicated system, but it proves efficient.

Where is USB over Ethernet used?

USB over Ethernet is successfully used in various situations:

  • It provides remote access to USB devices over the network, which significantly helps ensure uninterrupted work for remote workers;
  • Allows virtual machines to work with physical hardware via a USB connection.
  • Allows you to remotely control and monitor industrial sensors and equipment connected via USB.
  • allows you to share USB devices in telecommunication systems and optimize the use of resources;
  • It allows you to connect various medical devices, such as ultrasound machines and X-ray scanners, to your computer.

USB over Ethernet also has several advantages:

  • It will allow you to connect devices that are physically located far from each other;
  • It allows you to reduce the hardware infrastructure cost since there is no need to purchase new cables and devices to physically connect computers.
  • Simplifies administration and improves resource allocation, as it helps centrally manage USB devices;
  • The network can be easily scaled and adapted to the needs of the enterprise;
  • It allows you to connect various USB devices, such as printers, scanners, storage devices, etc., making this system very versatile.

The flexibility and advantages of USB operation via Ethernet allow this type of connection to be used in various industries.

Disadvantages of using USB over Ethernet

Although USB over Ethernet is a very versatile system, it does have some disadvantages, such as:

  • There are delays in data transmission on the network, which can lead to delays in the operation of applications and equipment;
  • The network may have limited bandwidth, which in turn limits the use of multiple USB devices over Ethernet connections at the same time;
  • For the security of data transmission over the network, it is necessary to implement reliable security and data encryption systems;
  • Some devices and operating systems may be incompatible, which will lead to difficulties and additional configuration of the equipment;
  • Incorrect network configuration or network overload reduces performance and affects the speed of devices.

These shortcomings are not critical, but they still need to be considered in order to effectively use the USB connection via Ethernet and ensure the uninterrupted operation of employees or equipment.


USB over Ethernet is an effective solution for connecting USB devices to a single network using network infrastructure. This technology facilitates remote access to equipment, virtualization, and industrial automation.


Despite some shortcomings in operation, USB over Ethernet continues to develop as an excellent means of connecting devices. Thus, it is a very convenient and promising tool for users, that’s why it’s so popular today.